If you ask any experienced programmer, they will advise you to keep learning new skills to remain updated in the changing landscape of coding. Talking about understanding user needs well, a developer should know what their user wants before developing a software/game/mobile app.
Programmers are naturally problem solvers.
Either a college graduate or experienced developer, every programmer should keep learning and progressing to stay updated.
But, what makes a great programmer?
Surprisingly, it isn't just the knowledge of object-oriented principles, a love for math, a strong sense of logic, and a deep understanding of coding language that makes a great programmer. A great programmer has a knack for understanding user needs, problem-solving, and learning new skills.
Searchable Design LLC., the best software development company in Urbandale, brings you a list of eight essentials that every developer should know.
Data Structures & Algorithms
Data structures and algorithms are integral to programming. Every programmer should be apt about managing data structure and algorithms if they want to get things done quickly.
A data structure allows the developer to organize, process, retrieve, and store data to access them anytime during the development. The data structures are found in four different ways; array, linked list, map, and set.
On the other hand, an algorithm helps to solve a class of problems by applying mathematical computation.
These are both integral parts of programming; hence every programmer should make an effort to learn and adapt to data structure and algorithms to succeed as a programmer.
Source control or version control tracks and manages changes to code. Every developer uses a source control management (SCM) to access a running history of code development, assess multiple sources to resolve conflicts, and update source control for collaboration with other developers.
Git and Github is open source tool used as a source control by developers around the world. It offers the distributed version control and source code management. Over 70% of organizations rely on Git.
You as a programmer should adapt to Git/Github and put effort into learning the platform well. It would be best if you also were comfortable with advanced version control concepts like branching and merging and the tool itself using both the command line and GUI.
IDE or Integrated Development Environment is a software application used by programmers to write lines of code. Imagine a text editor with complex functionalities.
Depending on the knowledge, developers may use different text editors, starting with Notepad, Notepad++, and VI to complex IDEs like Visual Studio, Juniper Notebook, Eclipse, NetBeans, and IntelliJ IDEA.
Programmers specializing in different coding sets may choose their preferred IDE such as C, C++, and C# programmer will choose Visual Studio. In contrast, Python developers will choose Jupiter Notebook.
Depending on your coding stream, you should take up the appropriate IDE.
Database and SQL
Every programmer is familiar with managing databases and SQL. The database typically contains aggregations of data records or files, while Structured Query Language (SQL) helps store, manipulate, and retrieve data stored in a relational database.
Programmers should be familiar with essential database concepts like normalization and table design along with SQL. If you're wondering, there are many databases, and you should remain familiarized with most of them that will be useful while coding.
Communication is Collaboration
You may wonder why a programmer needs to know about communication when their sole work is to complete the foolproof code. Well, communication is essential to relay information to your team.
Without communication, you cannot collaborate with your team members. From receiving minor change requests, delegating tasks, completing backlog, and updating projects, everyone in the team remains aware and updated; hence, communication helps bridge the gap between team members.
Slack is a chatting app that programmers and firms adopt around the world. It allows for accessible communication and collaboration that is specific to designers.
Programming Languages & Scripting
Learning single language/scripts is never enough when the world keeps jumping from one script to another for better functionality, access, and ease.
Many developers specializing in one specific language, such as PHP, choose to code in the same language forever because of ease; however, when the world moves to Java and languages related to Java, you must update yourself by learning a new language. Not only will you know multiple scripts, but you can also use the same set of problem-solving skills in another.
Many choose Java because it’s straightforward to start with and has practical tools, libraries, and a knowledge base to do almost anything.
Why does a programmer need to know about cloud computing?
Well, because cloud computing is the present and future of web development. The on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage), computing power, and tools such as software. It provides programmers with many advantages: storing and accessing data and using tools and software for easy and effective collaboration.
Organizations that adopted cloud computing have been known to enjoy increased security, reduced cost, improved scalability, and ease of deployment.
Project management allows the team to achieve goals and meet success criteria at a specified time. The primary challenge of project management is to achieve all of the project goals within the given constraints, hence encouraging programmers to stay on the routine.
Organizing the task, meeting the criteria and deadline, and tracking and solving the bugs are the significant challenges faced by any programmer. Software like Jira allows easy bug tracking and an agile project manager that can help any software developer.
Trello, Nifty, Zoho projects, ProofHub, Kissflow Project, and Asana are few other project management tools with specific functions that every programmer should know.
The creative–programmers can take an idea and turn it into a tangible asset with real value. Secondly, you’re always learning something new, evolving your skill to keep pace with innovation. These are why you should strive to become a successful programmer.
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